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The Quranic View on Diversity and Pluralism


Table of Contents

The Concept of Tawhid

Tawhid, which means the oneness and uniqueness of God, is one of the fundamental teachings of Islam. The Quran emphasizes the belief in the one true God, Allah, who is the creator and sustainer of the universe. This belief in tawhid forms the bedrock of Islamic faith and forms the basis for the Quranic view on diversity and pluralism.

The Respect for Other Faiths

The Quran asserts that there is no compulsion in religion, and this principle of liberty of conscience is emphasized time and again in the divine book. It recognizes the truth and virtue in all religions and acknowledges that guidance has come to all peoples through all the prophets sent by Allah throughout history. Muslims believe that if they follow the divine guidance received through the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), they will attain salvation, but this does not mean that people of other faiths are inferior, misguided, or going to Hell.

The Call for Common Values

The Quran calls for common values among people of all faiths, such as justice, kindness, truthfulness, sincerity, and fairness. It emphasizes that belief in one true God does not mean that there is no place for justice, integrity, and compassion in human relations. The Quran thus affirms that good conduct is not restricted to people of a particular faith, but is binding on people of all faiths.

The Emphasis on Precision in Beliefs

The Quran recognizes the significance of holding the correct beliefs and encourages Muslims to avoid extreme sectarianism based on erroneous or exaggerated beliefs. It underscores the importance of following the guidance received from the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and warns against following individual whims and fancies in matters of faith. It also encourages Muslims to engage in healthy dialogue and debate with people of other faiths about religious beliefs and practices.


In conclusion, the Quranic view on diversity and pluralism is based on the principles of tawhid, respect for all religions, common values, and precision in beliefs. It affirms that Islam is a religion of universal appeal and universal brotherhood, promoting justice, equality, and fairness in human relations. It also encourages Muslims to engage in dialogue and debate with people of other faiths and highlights the need for holding the correct beliefs and avoiding extreme sectarianism.


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