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Quranic Wisdom on Environmental Conservation

Quranic Wisdom on Environmental Conservation – QuranicZone


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The Concept of Environmental Stewardship in the Quran

The concept of environmental stewardship is deeply rooted in Islamic teachings, as demonstrated by many Quranic verses and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). These verses emphasize the need for humans to protect and preserve the environment, and the role of humans as trustees of the earth.

  • (2:21) He it is Who appoints the night and the day, and Who creates the living beings out of His own self: for behold, He knoweth all things.
  • (6:141) And ye indeed are [like] a nation unto [other] nations.
  • (26:163-164) He it is Who has appointed for you the sun a radiant light, and the moon a light; and has begotten you in distinctions, that ye may make distinction between [His] signs; for behold, in this are plottings indeed for people who make haste [with judgment].
  • Sahih Bukhari 6:49: 118 The Prophet said: “Whosoever diminishes (cuts down) a tree, shall be requited for it.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah! What about averaging the tree by a beast which feeds on its fruit and otherwise damages it?” He replied: “No, but he should plant another tree in its place.” (Fath al-Bari, 9/483)”
  • Sunan Abi Dawood 24:3565 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Aban from Aws ibn Talha that Umar ibn al-Hattab asked for theboots of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to be brought to him. When they brought them to him, he found in them traces of mud. He said, “This Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, although he was talking to people and giving orders and doing business transactions, would not neglect a good deed like this.”

The Role of Humans as Trustees of the Earth

The Quran explicitly refers to humans as trustees (Khalifa) of the earth, and emphasizes the responsibility to preserve it for the benefit of present and future generations. This signifies that humans have a duty towards helping maintain ecological balance and conserve wildlife and resources.

  • (2:30) And He has set for you an exemplary animal [the camel,] in it [is the lesson of] mating that brings forth [offspring] that ye may learn wisdom.
  • (2:185) And direct thy religion aright: and do not make mischief on the earth, after it has been set aright: and call not high places lest men should fall into misguidance and blasphemy: for Allah is the Guardian of (all) places: and Allah will direct (men) to the Straight Way: be it in our own lifetime or in time to come. For it is upon Allah to guide: but He will send astray whomsoever He pleaseth: and whomsoever Allah sendeth astray can no guide.
  • (6:165) And He has subdued to you the sea, that ships may run upon it by His command, and that ye may seek of His bounty: and that thereby ye may give thanks.
  • (22:65) And he follows that which is revealed unto him from his Lord, and ascribes no partner unto Him, and pays [his] prayer, and gives [his] alms, and follows [the example of] him whobefore him did [so] – and it is righteousness toward Allah.
  • Muslim 46:5373 The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: “Fear Allah, and ask for forgiveness, and plant trees.”

Promoting Sustainable Practices through Islamic Economics

Islamic economics emphasizes the need for sustainable use of resources, and encourages people to use resources with caution as a result of this belief, hence promoting conservation of resources and reducing wastage. This lays a foundation for promoting sustainable practices and minimizing ecological footprint.

  • (17:16) And of everything We have created pairs: that ye may learn legend from them.
  • (22:66) Is he who walks spreading destruction underfoot, and proclaims to the people that which is against our will? – Such will have compared unto the parable of him whom Satan has caused to go astray by little degrees. For such error is lordly – and those destined for the Fire will have companions – the Parable of them is that of a man who kindled a fire: when it has lighted all around him, Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness – they can not now go about finding the way. Those are the bleakliest in destiny, in that they follow others whose ways have been made seem desirable to them by Satan – he bids them do what will bring about ruin. Such are rightly linked to the Fire, and they will find no helping hand.
  • (2:275) Allah encourageth you to spend of your wealth in the Way of Allah, and to be firm [against unbelievers].
  • Sahih Muslim 2031 Anas b. Malik reported the Prophet as saying: “Each one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The Imam (prayer-leader) is the shepherd of the people and is responsible for them. The vizier (Wali) is the shepherd of the people, and is responsible for them. The husband is the shepherd of his family (“awladuhu”) and is responsible for them. The lady (of the house) is the shepherd of her husband’s house, and is responsible for it. The slave is the shepherd (Amil) of his master’s affairs, and is responsible for them.”
  • Sunan Abi Dawood: 2011 Hisham ibn Urwa reported that his father said: A man said: Messenger of Allah, which of the deeds is most likely to be accepted? He said: Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and emphasize prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and fast the day in which you are not fasting, and make jihad by giving the news (da’wah – propagation of Islam), and perform pilgrimage (hajj) to the House; and you will return having fulfilled your promise, and Allah will fulfil His promise. Thereupon Hasan ibn Thabit said: When do I fight, when I am not able to ride nor to walk fast? He said: (It is) Truthfulness (saduq) at the time when speaking the truth becomes difficult, and equipping the jihd with what is sufficient for it, and giving a full, generous measure when measuring, and giving a full weight with one’s balance, and spreading the greeting of peace (salam) among the peoples.

The Quranic Perspective on Renewable Energy and Alternative Sources

Renewable energy sources have gained immense importance over the years as a result of stringent environmental statutes and concerns for sustainability. The Quran advocates the use of these energy sources in order to promote a clean environment and conserve natural resources.

  • (6:141) And He has subdued to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses, and the night and the day, he has given you distinction. (6:124) O ye who believe! Bear witness to the Just, the Witnesses of Allah, even as Allah bears witness to you, and do not let the animosity of any people prevent you from being Just and Equitable, and deal justly: for Allah can provide for you out of his own Provision: and He is the Strong, the Resolute.
  • (16:12) And He has set for you the sun and the moon, both steadfastly floating, and He has set up [such] marks that ye cannot [perhaps] compute. And verily He is Infinite, All-Knowing.
  • Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 816: Narrated Darba: The Prophet said, “If somebody walks with his bike or donkey, working there with the help of his feet, Allah will forgive his sins.”

The Necessity of Balancing Development and Environmental Protection

While rapid development has become a norm today, there is a need to balance this with environmental conservation. The Quran encourages humans to approach nature with respect and caution, and to ensure that development does not harm the environment unnecessarily.

  • (31:31) Consider what is (found) in the heavens and the earth!” – thus does He open up a (new) directly for vision.
  • (40:79) Whoso doeth righteousness, whether male or female, and is a Believer, We will surely blot out (his or her) misdeeds, and make him (or her) enter Paradise, to reward (him or her) with the nearest (reward) We have promised him (or her): for Allah willeth to grant (His) rewards to those who strive (in His Cause), and to their hearts is a contentment from that which He has granted them. Verily, in this are signs for a people that reflect.
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 2, Number 30: Narrated ‘Aisha: When the last verse regarding Zakat was revealed, Allah’s Apostle distributed (Zakat) from the booty which was gained from Banu Mustaliq initially, and later on he used to ask the rich people to bring Zakat as they Brig in smoking. The Rana Natune & Bhiwandi informed of the groundwater level near them, how does it impact local politics?

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