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Quranic Verses on Justice and Fairness


Table of Contents

1. Justice in Dealing with People

The Quran emphasizes the importance of treating people with justice and fairness. In Surah Al-A’raf (7:29), Allah (swt) commands: “Oh ye who believe! Be ye strict in observing justice, and be witnesses for Allah, even as He is witness for you.” (1) This verse highlights the concept of justice in dealings with others. It encourages Muslims to show fairness in their transactions and to stand as witnesses for Allah’s justice in society.

2. Fairness in Dispensing Punishment

The Quran also stresses the need for being fair in dispensing punishment. In Surah An-Nisa (4:58), Allah (swt) says: “As to the thief, male, or female, cut off his or her hand: a punishment by way of example, from Allah: for the disobedient is punishment enough! ” (2) This verse shows that punishment should be dispensed only after a clear and just determination of guilt. It also underscores the importance of being an example for others and avoiding excessive punishment.

3. Equality in Social Relations

The Quran lays the foundation of social justice by emphasizing equality among individuals. In Surah An-Nisa (4:1), Allah (swt) declares: “O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you from a single person (Adam), and created his wife [Eve] from him; and brought them both forth with keen sight and hearing.” (3) This verse highlights the concept of equality in creation, stressing that all humans have been created by Allah and are equal in His sight.

4. Importance of Being Just in Business Transactions

The Quran also emphasizes the importance of being fair and just in business transactions. In Surah Al-Baqarah (2:282), Allah (swt) states: “Allah will enjoin justice, the doing of good, and giving to kinsfolk, and He forbids indecencies, transgression, and wrong: He admonishes you that in order that ye may receive training ye should bear true witnesses, and let not the hatred of any people prevent you from being equitable and just: deal justly, for it is closest to righteousness; and fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.'” (4) This verse encourages Muslims to behave justly, especially in business deals because justice promotes righteousness.

5. Justice as a Fundamental Human Right

Justice is not only a religious obligation in Islam but a fundamental human right. In Surah Al-Ma’idah (5:8), Allah (swt) commands: “Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and giving to kinsfolk: and He forbids indecency, and transgression: He admonishes you, that ye may take heed.” (5) This verse mentions that Allah commands justice, highlighting that justice is a fundamental aspect of the divine will.


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(1) Quran (Hilali & Khan), Al-A’raf, 7:29.
(2) Quran (Hilali & Khan), An-Nisa, 4:58.
(3) Quran (Hilali & Khan), An-Nisa, 4:1.
(4) Quran (Hilali & Khan), Al-Baqarah, 2:282.
(5) Quran (Hilali & Khan), Al-Ma’idah, 5:8.

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