Quranic Reflections on the Human Soul
Table of contents
- The Soul’s Eternal Nature
- The Soul’s Innate Goodness
- The Soul’s Need for Guidance
- The Soul’s Moral Responsibility
- The Soul’s Final Destiny
The Soul’s Eternal Nature
The Quran teaches that the soul is eternal and created by Allah. It is mentioned in the Holy Quran for the believer that his/her soul passes through stages—pre-existence, existence in the world, and the eternal hereafter. The Quran also mentions that souls are of different types, some of which are righteous and some are evil. It explains that the soul is a angel from the realm of God, in a human body that will return there after death.
The Soul’s Innate Goodness
According to Islamic beliefs, the soul is pure when it is first created by Allah. The innate goodness of the soul is emphasized in many places in the Quran. The Quran states that every human being is born with Fitrah (innate faith and inclination towards Islam) and that it is a disservice to one’s self to suppress it. The innate goodness and will of the soul is awakened through elementary education, preaching and spiritual calls such as places of worship, religious books or memorization of prayers.
The Soul’s Need for Guidance
The human soul, in this world, is in need of guidance and is not inherently perfect. Through its actions and interactions with others, the soul learns and grows. This guidance comes in forms of teachings from Allah, through spiritual master, religious scholars, and religious books. The Soul’s need for guidance is mentioned in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah (Chapter 2) Verse: 286.
The Soul’s Moral Responsibility
The soul has a moral responsibility to do good and avoid evil. The Quran emphasizes the importance of moral responsibilities and teaches that the soul is accountable for its actions in this life and for the eternal hereafter. This moral responsibility is also emphasized through the teachings of the prophet Muhammad and through the holy Quran itself. The responsibility of soul is not determined by our socio-economic status, nationality, color, or religion but rather defined by our own conscience.
The Soul’s Final Destiny
The soul’s final destiny, according to the Islamic teachings, is the eternal hereafter. Believers will reside in contemplated gardens, non-believers however will reside in the scorching fire. The soul’s eternal hereafter, is the heavenly abode gained after a person dies, while their body is buried. The soul will awaken from sleep, having been placed into Barzakh (a state between death and the day of judgement which God alone knows) and will then be sent to the Day of Judgement, where it will be judged by Allah.
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